On March 14, 1794, the Cotton Gin was introduced. It was created by Eli Whitney, an American Inventor born in Westborough, Massachusetts. He was born on December 8, 1765 and died on January 8, 1825. He went to Yale College located in New Haven, Connecticut.
The Cotton Gin is a machine that quickly and easily separates the cotton fibers from the seeds. The Cotton Gin uses a combination of a wire screen and a small wire hooks to pull the cotton through the screen, while brushes continuously remove the loose cotton lint to prevent jams. The Cotton Gin was a very sufficient invention. It was used and made hundreds of dollars a day.
The earliest versions consisted of a single roller made of iron or wood and a flat piece of stone or wood. There were evidence of the first type of gin in Africa, Asia, and North America. These early gins were difficult to use and it required a great skill. The single roller was used to expel the seeds from the cotton without crushing the seeds.
The Cotton Gin in America was especially used during slavery to collect cotton rapidly. It was really helpful for the slaves in the south. The growth of cotton production expanded from 750,000 bales in 1830 to 2.85 million bales in 1850. If Eli Whitney did not modify this invention, many slaves would need to work twice as hard and many slaves would have died. As a result, the South became even more dependent on plantations and slavery.
The Cotton Gin is still used today but is much more sophisticated and efficient than the original. The gin is now improved and computerized from Whitney’s. It increases farmer’s profit, reduce labor costs, and provide textile mills with a higher quality of raw product.