Technology 1850-1900

In 1850-1900, an astonishing advancement in American technology was made. Henri Giffard was a Frenchman. In 1852, he built the world’s first passenger and steerable airship. The hydrogen-filled airship was 43 m/144 ft long. He attached a small, steam-powered engine to a huge propeller and flew through the air for seventeen miles at a top speed of five miles per hour.

Giffard built the airship in 1855, with a series of large balloons. This was funded by money from other inventions, such as an injector to feed water into a steam-engine boiler to prevent it running out of steam when not in motion and makes the airship shoot through the sky at a much faster speed and makes it more maneuverable.

This is a picture of the first airship. The hydrogen-filled airship was 43 m/144 ft long and ran on steam. It held one person and ran at a top speed of five miles per hour. Quicker than a hot air balloon.

The first airship was a huge advancement in American technology.  The hydrogen-filled airship led to better airships and improved warfare, transportation and trade dramatically. Now instead of holding one person, an airplane can hold about 120 people thanks to the early invention made by the Frenchman, Henri Giffard.

http://www.ctie.monash.edu.au/hargrave/giffard.html

http://www.century-of-flight.freeola.com/Aviation%20history/to%20reality/Jules%20Henri%20Giffard.htm

http://www.centennialofflight.gov/essay/Lighter_than_air/Beginning_of_the_Dirigible/LTA6.htm

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